My parents and my brother survived – what a great miracle that was
Helena Borská, née Grünerová, was born in December 1927 in Český Tešín. In 1934 she moved with her family to their relatives in Krakow, where she attended a state elementary school. After the war´s outbreak, since September 1939, the city of Krakow was being occupied. Yet, until the end of that year Jewish children were allowed to go to school, however, the measures were getting much stricter as time passed. When the Krakow ghetto was established, the family was moved into one room. Helena worked with her mother in a dressmaker‘s workshop, her father and brother worked in a locksmith‘s one. In March 1943 they were moved from this ghetto to Płaszow, what was a labor camp on a hill behind Krakow. There they stayed until October 1944. Despite the fact that they were on the Schindler´s list, for three weeks they happened to be transported into Auschwitz. From this concentration camp Schindler recruited them to his newly created factory in Brněnec, where they worked until the end of the war. After the liberation the family of Mrs. Borská returned to Krakow, although, at last they decided to leave Poland and live with their relatives in Bratislava.