Vakhtang Dzabiradze ვახტანგ ძაბირაძე

* 1953

  • “I had a good relationship with Rak [prison officer]. We were both fans of football: he was a fan of Dynamo Kyiv, I was a fan of Dinamo Tbilisi, and he used to come and talk about football. Once he came when I was working and started talking to me. We continued the conversation and cursed the Soviet government. I suddenly stopped him and said, how do you talk like that, that's why I'm here, but you're my boss here and you're watching me. He answered, do you know what’s the difference is between us? You didn't know with whom to talk about it, but I do. The system was so rotten, the prisoners told the colonel, "When we become free and come to power, we will arrest you.”

  • “Dato Berdzenishvili was arrested first, and on January 3, 1984, we were arrested as well, they did not even let us celebrate the New Year. When Dato was arrested, we stopped our activities. By the way, it was very difficult for them to find clues on us. As the KGB members said later on, they did not expect that we could be the authors of these magazines. They were not expecting 25-year-old guys, but more experienced people, 40-45 years old, therefore they were looking elsewhere. In the end, they still got the person who knew it all. When they caught us, they already knew everything. When Dato was caught, one of the members of our main committee had already told everything [to the KGB]. Then he told us that he might have said something on accident to some woman. When they realized that they were looking in the wrong place, they began to hang around Dato, and the man who told them everything was his relative. They were checking everyone and one of the people who was arrested was this person. He was a member of the main committee, he knew everything and he told them everything he knew.”

  • “What was written, printed and staged in the cinema and theater in our country, nothing similar happened in other republics. Our intelligentsia then, one might say, was playing on the edge of dissidence. We entered the period when the communist ideology was beginning to break down. Our generation did not actually obey the communist ideology. The Communist Party existed, but people went there to make a career, and everyone knew it. I assume that only one in a hundred people believed in the ideology itself. The rest of the space was anti-Soviet and in Georgia, of course, there was a desire for independence. The emergence of the Helsinki Union was also an added factor.”

  • “When I entered the Polytechnic Institute, my youth and student years, it was the 70s, some changes were beginning to happen. A very important fact was that Eduard Shevardnadze appeared on the political scene in the 1970s, and this was the period when the conflict within the party was going on and a new force was coming, and indeed Shevardnadze came in 1972. As always, in such a situation, when one ruler leaves, another comes (still similar to today), there is always a free space, because the one who is leaving no longer has the power to fully maintain his influence, and the newcomer has not yet taken power in such a way that would allow him to control everything, and such a situation creates space. I say this because this period coincided with my student years. Also, in Georgia, unlike other republics of the Soviet Union, the field of culture was quite free. What was written, staged and filmed in Georgia, such freedom was rare in other republics. A new generation came along with these transformations, which began in the 70s, when Shevadnadze came and brought a new wave. Today, we are surprised that 20-22-year-old boys are appointed governors, it was like that then, they were just appointed secretaries of the Raikom”

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    Tbilisi, 28.06.2023

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რამდენიმე წელი გავატარე პერმის ციხის ბანაკში

Vakhtang Dzabiradze, Tbilisi, 2023
Vakhtang Dzabiradze, Tbilisi, 2023
zdroj: Natáčení

ვახტანგ ძაბირაძე, ქართველი დისიდენტი, პოლიტიკოსი და პარლამენტის წევრი, დაიბადა 1953 წლის 6 თებერვალს, საქართველოში, ზესტაფონის მუნიციპალიტეტის სოფელ კლდეეთში. 1970-იან წლებში მეგობრებთან ერთად ჩამოაყალიბა არალეგალური პოლიტიკური ორგანიზაცია და ანტისაბჭოთა მოქმედებებში ჩაერთო, რის გამოც დააპატიმრეს და პერმის ციხეში რამდენიმე წლის გატარება მოუწია. 1970 წელს ვახტანგ ძაბირაძე თბილისის ტექნიკურ უნივერსიტეტში ჩაირიცხა. მისი სტუდენტობის წლები დაემთხვა პერიოდს, როცა პოლიტიკურ არენაზე ედუარდ შევარდნაძე გამოჩნდა და ვასილ მჟავანაძეს დაუპირისპირდა. პოლიტიკით ადრეც ინტერესდებოდა, პირველი ნაბიჯი კი 1978 წელს გადადგა, როცა მეგობრებთან, ლევან ბერძენიშვილთან და ვახტანგ შონიასთან ერთად რესპუბლიკური პარტია დააარსა. პარტიის წევრებმა არალეგალური ჯგუფები ჩამოაყალიბეს და ანტიკომუნისტური ჟურნალის გამოცემა დაიწყეს. მოძრაობა იზრდებოდა, თუმცა მალევე ერთ-ერთმა წევრმა ინფორმაცია კგბ-ს გაუმხილა და ყველა მათგანი დააკავეს. პატიმრობიდან გათავისუფლებიდან მალევე, ის „ჭავჭავაძის საზოგადოებას“ შეუერთდა, რის დამსახურებითაც 1989 წლის 9 აპრილის მოვლენების ცენრში მოექცა. საქართველოს დამოუკიდებლობის მოპოვების შემდეგ, ვახტანგი პარლამენტის წევრი იყო, თუმცა საკვანძო პოლიტიკურ საკითხებზე შეუთანხმებლობის გამო რესპუბლიკური პარტია დატოვა და აქტიურ პოლიტიკურ ცხოვრებას ჩამოშორდა. მიუხედავად ამისა, მიმდინარე პოლიტიკური პროცესებით დღემდე ინტერესდება.