I would like for the twentieth century never to be repeated
Olga Fialová was born on 9 February 1927 in Prague as the daughter of the bank clerk Martin Reis. Soon after the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia was established, her father joined Petiční výbor Věrni zůstaneme (the Petition Committee Faithful We Remain) and supported the families of people persecuted by the Nazi administration; he was arrested for his illegal activities and imprisoned in Germany in the years 1942 to 1945. After the war he became vice chairman of the Settlement Bureau, where he organised the official deportation of the German inhabitants. In 1945 Olga Fialová followed in her father's footsteps and joined the Czechoslovak Social Democracy, in May 1948 she became a member of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. After graduating from the grammar school on Vodičkova Street in Prague (1946), she spent a year in Great Britain. In the late 1940s she studied English and Czech at the Faculty of Arts of Charles University in Prague. In 1949 she married the art historian Vladimír Fiala; she did not complete her university studies, in 1954 to 1957 she worked as an editor at the Mladá fronta (Young Front) publishing house. In 1960 she took up employment at the Institute of Marxism-Leninism, which was soon merged into the Svoboda publishing house. Until her retirement she was employed with publishing the works of Marx and Engels; from 1984 she edited books as a contract worker and translated from English. After the Velvet Revolution she participated in the renewal of the Masaryk Workers' Academy, and she was a long-standing member of its board.