Příběhy 20. století
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Jiří Fišer (1936) - Biography


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Many twins died in Auschwitz because Mengele wanted their internal organs

Jiří Fišer (spelled Fischer until 1956) was born together with his identical twin Josef on January 7, 1936 in Česká Třebová. Both his parents were Jewish and apart from the twins they also had daughter Věra, who was one and a half year older than the boys. Jiří's father Arnold Fischer worked as a railway official in Česká Třebová and he joined the resistance movement there. The Gestapo arrested him in 1940 and on May 17, 1941 he died in the concentration camp Neungamme. Immediately after the occupation, the parents sent their twins Jiří and Josef to Nesovice, where they lived on a farm owned by their aunt and uncle. However, even there they were not safe from the Nuremberg laws and in April 1942 they had to board a transport bound for Terezín. They remained in the Terezín ghetto until May 15, 1944 when they were transported in a cattle train car to Auschwitz. During the selection after arrival they were picked by Josef Mengele for his atrocious experiments. For nine months they were being used as research specimens. Josef Fišer remembers that his blood was exchanged with his brother's blood, or that they were vaccinated and then observed for their bodily reactions. Josef Mengele would then carefully record the outcome in his notebook. After the liberation of Auschwitz, Soviet soldiers took Jiří and Josef to a children's home in Košice, and their uncle Emil Fischer then went to pick them up there after hearing an announcement on the radio. Only several years after the war the brothers learnt that their thirty-two-year-old mother Emilie and their ten-year-old sister Věra had died at night on July 11-12th 1944 in a gas chamber in Auschwitz together with three and a half thousand other Czechoslovak women and children. About sixty of his relatives had died in Nazi concentration camps and Jiří Fišer still finds it hard to cope with this war trauma.

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