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Josef Dufek (1929) - Biography

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Suffering will not break you if you have experienced many things

Josef Dufek was born on January 7, 1929, in Boleradice near Hustopeč. He grew up in a farmer’s family and on graduation from the primary school he went to study at the secondary enological school in Valtice. Being knowledgeable about the region near the state border, he was inclined to illegal activities. He used to smuggle people running from Czechoslovakia across the border to Austria. On September 22, 1949, he was arrested and spent eighteen months in custody in Brno. Thanks to his age he was sentenced, for treason, only to four years in prison and served his sentence at the Antonín mine in Zbýšov. As a political prisoner he went to serve his military service with the Auxiliary Technical Battalion (PTP) and went to mines in the Kladno region. On his return he married Hedvika Horáková and together they raised two children. Since he refused to enter the Agricultural Cooperative (JZD) he was imprisoned again. He spent five months in a prison near Mladá Boleslav under hard regime. In 2013, he was awarded, by the Minister of Defence, Vlastimil Pick, a certificate of the participant of resistance against communism.

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